River images - the source of the river is where a river starts.
Where there is flat land either side of the river and this land has a high chance of flooding during the year, this land is called the flood plain.
River images - the mouth of a river is where the river meets the sea or a lake.
River images - These rocks were carried down the river when it was flooding and deposited here when the flood waters receded.
River images - A meander. As the river winds its way down to the sea, it winds left and right as it goes and these bends in the river are called meanders.
River images - a ford. When a road is only used occasionally and the building of a bridge would not make economic sense, people can build river fords to cross shallow rivers.
River images - a weir. These features of a river are man made and are built to control the river flow. They make the river behind the weir navigable by boats.
These are man-made devices to help boats travel upstream. Sections of the river can be closed off and then raised or lowered, depending on which way you wanted your boat to go.
This picture of Niagara waterfall is taken form the air and the true scale of the waterfall can be seen in this picture. Actually the waterfall would be more impressive, were it not for the water that is taken out of the river to generate electricity.
River images - a gorge. This gorge in the south of France is called the Verdon Gorge. It is formed by a waterfall cutting its way through the rocks.
River images - a waterfall. Waterfalls are often found in the upper course of a river but rarely found in the lower course of a river.
River images - a V-shaped valley. These distinctive valley shapes are found in the upper course of a river and are formed by rivers cutting their way down into the valley.
River images - A v-shaped valley.
River images - a V-shaped valley.
Videos for Schools - V-Shaped valley
These videos from the BBC and those found on Youtube help to explain how V-shaped valleys are formed.
Youtube - V-shaped valleys
A wonderful one minute animated video to explain how v-shaped valleys are formed.
Youtube - The river Severn from source to mouth.
Suitable for use in schools and appropriate to Key Stage 2 and Key Stage 3, this video is well produced and contains many illustrated diagrams to explain how features such as waterfalls and oxbow lakes are formed. This video makes a good introduction to the topic of rivers.
BBC - The Rakaia river, New Zealand 4:36
Opens in a new window. This video looks at an example of a glacier fed river and the it contrasts well with the rivers pupils maybe familiar with.
These river images make it clear and easy to understand what the different features are and they offer a powerful illustration of the way that rivers shape our land.