Geography topics for you to learn and enjoy

Effects of earthquake - Landslides

Awe and wonder volcano images | volcanoes for kids | volcanoes ks2

An earthquake in El Salvador on 13th January 2001, set off this landslide which went on to hit a built up area. Landslides as a natural hazard are particularly devasating as they cause total destruction.

Effects of earthquake - Avalanches

The earthquakes in Nepal in 2015 caused wide spread devastation throughout Nepal. In mountainous areas, avalanches were triggered as can be seen in this picture taken by climbers on Mount Everest.

Effects of earthquake - liquefaction

Awe and wonder volcano images | volcanoes for kids | volcanoes ks2

Here we can see what happens to cars parked where liquefaction occurs. During liquefaction, the water in the soil rises to the surface and the soil loses its rigidity for a short time. After the earthquake has passed, the soil becomes solid again, only now, in this case, the car is buried in the ground. 

An earthquake vocabulary 

volcanic words | volcano vocabulary | volcano worksheet

Free to download.

Click on the

image above.

Effects of earthquake - tsunami

Awe and wonder volcano images | volcanoes for kids | volcanoes ks2

In this photo of a tsunami hitting the coast of Japan, a strong tsunami wall was built to protect the town. Unfortunately, the tsunami proved too big for the town's defences and poured over the wall. 

Effects of earthquakes - ground ruptures

These images of earthquakes depict some of the larger cracks in the ground which can occur after an earthquake. 

Awe and wonder volcano images | volcano for kids | volcano seen from space
Awe and wonder volcano images | volcano for kids | volcano seen from space

Effects of earthquakes - fires

The earthquake that hit San Francisco in 1906 caused widespread devastation. Although most of the devastation happened in the three days after the quake. Collapsed chimneys and burst gas pipes led to fires. Broken water mains led to no water available to put fires out. The city of San Francisco burned for three days and the fires consumed four square kilometres of the city.

Awe and wonder volcano images | volcano for kids | volcano seen from space

Earthquake damage - road networks

Awe and wonder volcano images | volcano for kids | volcano seen from space

Road and bridge damage costs money to repair but it also slows down the delivery of aid and it slows down the recovery of the economy after the earthquake. 

Earthquake damage - damage to transport links

inside our earth

Earthquakes can make roads impassable. They can take months to repair. They make the transporting of people and goods difficult so the earthquake can have an affect on people long after the earthquake has past. 

inside our earth

In this earthquake picture, you can see that the earthquake has contorted the land so much that the railway lines have been pulled out of shape. After a large earthquake, railway companies have to physically check all their track before resuming services.

Earthquake damage - loss of property & homelessness

This earthquake in Taiwan killed thousands and destroyed many homes. After an earthquake, many people can need a new place to stay and it takes time to rebuild lives.

Where possible, some people move to earthquake evacuation centres like this one for example in Japan. Japan's school's are built to an extremely strong standard and they double up as earthquake evacuation centres in times of need. 

Earthquake damage - damage to shops

Some natural hazards like floods and hurricanes can be seen coming and there is time to prepare for them. Earthquakes come with no warning and there is no time to prepare. 

Straight after an earthquake, some popular items that quickly sell out are bottled water, batteries, tinned food and toilet paper. Damage to roads mean that the shop cannot resupply as quickly as before.

Recent well known earthquakes 

how earthquakes are formed

2011 Tohoku

how earthquakes are formed

2004 Indian Ocean

Quick fact

Earthquakes on land - shake buildings. Earthquakes at sea - create tsunamis. Powerful earthquakes - do both.


Here we learn more about the geography topic of earthquakes through the study of pictures of earthquakes. We look at the damage and the consequences of earthquakes occuring, e.g. tsunamis, landslides and liquefaction. These earthquake images have been selected to help you learn more and each photo is linked through to a website where you can find out more information. 
Who are we? 

A group of teachers with one thing in common - we all have a passion for the subject of Geography. Through collecting great examples of bringing the subject alive, and sharing them on this website, we aim to develop a love for the subject of Geography in children around the world. 

What can I use?
All the pdf documents available to use on this website are free to use for educational purposes. They are not to be resold. The images used in this website are provided by Occasionally we have used an image from the internet. Where this occurs, the photo links directly through to the website it came from.

© 2016 by 3D Geography.

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